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Glossary of Sleep Disorders

Updated: Oct 11, 2023

In this glossary of sleep disorders, we would like to emphasize that the main objective is to provide a reference and a guide to better understand these conditions. This is not an exhaustive explanation of every disorder, but rather a compilation of sleep disorders that can potentially affect your mental and physical health. Sleep plays a crucial role in our overall well-being, and the proper management of sleep disorders can greatly improve the quality of your daily life. Do not hesitate to seek medical assistance if you have any concerns about your sleep or your health in general.

Image of a person yawning with a clock in the background: Caption: "Insomnia, a nocturnal burden. The clock is ticking, but sleep remains elusive. 😴⏰

10 sleep disorders that threaten your mental and physical health

  1. Behavioral sleep: This disorder results from unhealthy sleep habits or irregular sleep routines.

  2. Paroxysmal nocturnal alarm syndrome: It is manifested by sudden awakening attacks and heart palpitations during the night.

  3. REM sleep syndrome with parasomniac behavior: It is characterized by abnormal movements and behaviors during the REM sleep phase.

  4. Parasomniac non-REM sleep syndrome: It is manifested by abnormal movements and behaviors during the non-REM sleep phase.

  5. REM sleep syndrome: It is characterized by high brain activity and rapid eye movements during the sleep phase.

  6. Hypnagogic sleep syndrome: It is characterized by hallucinations and paralysis during the transition between wakefulness and sleep.

  7. Hypnopompic sleep syndrome: It manifests as hallucinations and paralysis during the transition from sleep to wakefulness.

  8. REM sleep syndrome related to sleep deprivation: It causes an increase in the duration of the REM sleep phase due to sleep deprivation.

  9. Non-REM sleep syndrome linked to sleep deprivation: It is characterized by an increase in the duration of the non-REM sleep phase due to sleep deprivation.

  10. Sleep disorder related to a general medical condition: It occurs due to sleep disturbances caused by a disease or a general medical condition.

Image of a person turning their pillow, desperately trying to find a comfortable position: Caption: "The hours are ticking away, the pillow is turning, but sleep slips away. A night of insomnia in perspective. 😩🕒 #ChronicInsomnia "


20 Other Less Common Disorders That Can Affect Your Daily Life

  1. Behavioral sleep: This disorder results from unhealthy sleep habits or irregular sleep routines.

  2. Paroxysmal nocturnal alarm syndrome: It is manifested by sudden awakening attacks and heart palpitations during the night.

  3. REM sleep syndrome with parasomniac behavior: It is characterized by abnormal movements and behaviors during the REM sleep phase.

  4. Parasomniac non-REM sleep syndrome: It is manifested by abnormal movements and behaviors during the non-REM sleep phase.

  5. REM sleep syndrome: It is characterized by high brain activity and rapid eye movements during the sleep phase.

  6. Hypnagogic sleep syndrome: It is characterized by hallucinations and paralysis during the transition between wakefulness and sleep.

  7. Hypnopompic sleep syndrome: It manifests as hallucinations and paralysis during the transition from sleep to wakefulness.

  8. REM sleep syndrome related to sleep deprivation: It causes an increase in the duration of the REM sleep phase due to sleep deprivation.

  9. Non-REM sleep syndrome linked to sleep deprivation: It is characterized by an increase in the duration of the non-REM sleep phase due to sleep deprivation.

  10. Sleep disorder related to a general medical condition: It occurs due to sleep disturbances caused by a disease or a general medical condition.

  11. Drug-related sleep disorder: This is manifested by sleep disturbances caused by medication.

  12. Substance-related sleep disorder: It is characterized by sleep disturbances caused by substances such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, etc.

  13. Central Idiopathic Sleep Disorder: Manifests as excessive daytime sleepiness that can cause difficulty staying awake during daily activities.

  14. Sleepwalking: Walking or performing actions during sleep without awareness.

  15. Bruxism Syndrome: Grinding your teeth during sleep.

  16. Burning mouth syndrome: Burning sensation or numbness in the mouth during sleep.

  17. Circadian rhythm sleep disorder: Disturbance of the natural rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, often linked to night work or jet lag.

  18. Excessive daytime sleepiness: A strong tendency to fall asleep during the day, regardless of nighttime sleep quality.

  19. Recurrent nightmares: Frightening and disturbing dreams that occur regularly during sleep.

  20. Breathing-Associated Sleep Disorder: Other conditions related to breathing during sleep, apart from sleep apnea.

Photo of a person staring at their alarm clock in the middle of the night, unable to go back to sleep: Caption: "Insomnia is staring you straight in the eye. Past midnight, sleep is still on the run. 😫🌙 #Insomnia"

In conclusion, this glossary of sleep disorders aims to serve as a reference and guide to better understand these complex conditions that can affect your mental and physical health. We have drawn a varied picture of these disorders, ranging from common insomnia to less common but equally important conditions to be aware of.



Finally, we remind you that this glossary does not offer exhaustive explanations for each disorder, but rather an overview. By taking care of your sleep, you're investing in your overall well-being, which can help you lead a more balanced and fulfilling life. Always remember that peaceful nights can lead to radiant days.

Image: A radiant person, on top of a majestic mountain, with a broad smile. Caption: "After a restful night's sleep, the peaks seem closer than ever. Fully charged! ⛰️😊 #BonneNuitDeSommeil"

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